Title Toolkit on poverty reduction and tourism
Node Resources » Training Materials
Thematic Area Social dialogue, Employment creation, MSE development, Rural Development, Tourism, Value Chain
Author of the LED Knowledge resource (not the person who is uploading it) ILO
Place of publication Geneva
Date of publication 2011
Geographical area Interregional
Publisher/Editor ILO
Abstract (short description of the LED knowledge resource) The theme of this toolkit is the ways in which tourism can be a driver of poverty reduction. Local/rural communities and small enterprises are the primary target group. The toolkit is organized around five modular chapters. 1. The tourism industry and poverty reduction – general overview 2. Human resources, decent work and social dialogue 3. Promotion and marketing in tourism 4. Tourism market 5. Tourism business
Body (detailed description of the LED knowledge resource) The importance of tourism for job creation and poverty reduction in rural areas of developing and least developed countries (LDCs) should not be underestimated. Tourism is increasingly recognized as a major source of economic growth, especially in poor countries.
Its value chain and its significant connections to other sectors such as agriculture, construction, utilities and transport can contribute to poverty reduction.
With regard to the supply chain in the sector, one job in the core tourism industry indirectly generates 1.5 additional jobs in the related economy. In 2010 the sector’s global economy accounted for more than 235 million jobs, equivalent to about 8 per cent of the overall number of jobs (direct and indirect), or one in every 12.3 jobs. In 2010 travel and tourism were estimated to have generated about 9.3 per cent of global GDP, while tourism investments were estimated at 9.2 per cent of total global investments.

The ILO’s mission is to promote decent work within the context of poverty reduction. The ILO’s Decent Work Agenda directly relates to poverty reduction through an integrated approach that has four pillars: rights at work, employment, social protection and social dialogue.

The theme of this toolkit is the ways in which tourism can be a driver of poverty reduction. The toolkit outlines the background to poverty reduction approaches and how the ILO is involved within the context of decent work and the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. Recent developments in tourism and a vision for an inclusive, pro-poor tourism industry are summarized. While local/rural communities and small enterprises are the primary target group, the toolkit is directed towards a wide range of actors that share an interest and are involved in reducing poverty through tourism.

The toolkit is organized around five modular chapters.
1. The tourism industry and poverty reduction – general overview
2. Human resources, decent work and social dialogue
3. Promotion and marketing in tourism
4. Tourism market
5. Tourism business
Keywords (Keywords are the indicators for tag clouds) Entreprise, poverty alleviation, Rural Development, Social Dialogue, sustainable development, Value Chain
ISBN ISBN 978-92-2-125707-3 (print) - ISBN 978-92-2-125
Url http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_dialogue/---sector/documents/instructionalmaterial/wcms_162289.pdf
Language English
Submitted by Carlien van Empel
Update by Annie van Klaveren on 29 March, 2012
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Tourism toolkit


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